New ORR guidance aims to improve level crossing safety ORR proposes simpler and more accessible guidance on level crossing safety to support the rail industry, traffic authorities and local authorities in their decisions. Whilst there has been important progress in level crossing safety in recent years, the Office of Rail and Road (ORR) has developed a set of draft proposals in the new principles for managing level crossing safety, designed to improve risk assessments at level crossings and provide practical advice on how to identify and manage risks that affect the safety of people who use them. Almost 6,000 level crossings exist on Britain’s mainline railway network, with an additional 1,500 on heritage and minor railways. The new plans move away from the current, more prescriptive document and aim to give industry greater confidence in putting forward innovative designs to reduce risks. Importantly, the focus of the guidance is on the need to consider how level crossings are actually used. It encourages a whole system approach by considering the user, railway and highway. The principles also emphasise the importance of collaboration to remove and manage risks and explains how cost benefit analysis can be used in decision making to allow for consideration of all relevant costs and benefits. Real-life examples will be added to further illustrate good practice. Proposals have so far been welcomed by industry figures in making it easier to support designers, planners, engineers useful site and those dealing with access and public rights of way matters. Ian Prosser CBE, HM Chief Inspector of Railways said: “With more than 7,000 level crossings in Britain, there is no one size fits all approach to safety. Every level crossing is different and risk assessments should take account of the circumstances of each one. “The previous guidance did not set standards, but did describe methods of operation, and as such has been perceived as setting requirements for level crossing design. “We wanted to change that, and these new principles better empower industry to make informed decisions about crossings. These new principles will support a focus on continued improvement in level crossing risk management.” Rob Wainwright, Head of Level Crossings at Network Rail and chair of the industry level crossing strategy group, said: “We welcome this updating of the level crossing guidance and the move towards a more risk-based principles approach. I thank the ORR for allowing the wider level crossing community and stakeholders to engage and input into this process. “Once published, it will encourage more effective collaboration and greater innovation in level crossing risk management, which will ultimately reduce risk at level crossings in the future.” Jay Heavisides, Principal Risk Analyst at RSSB, said: “We welcome the new level crossing guidance principles. They encourage thinking about why level crossing risk occurs and how it could be mitigated across the different interfaces. “We appreciate the collaborative approach to the development of these and look forward to continuing to work with ORR post consultation to implement them.” Why should you subscribe to the SHP newsletter? Do you want the very latest health and safety news, product launches, job listings and expert opinions sent straight to your inbox daily? The SHP newsletter is essential reading – sign up today to get your hands on all this!https://www.shponline.co.uk/transport-safety/level-crossing-safety-set-to-improve-with-new-orr-guidance/
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Executive Order on the Establishment of the Climate Change Support Office By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 202 of the Revised Statutes (22 U.S.C. 2656) and section 3161 of title 5, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. Establishment of the Climate Change Support Office. (a) There is established within the Department of State, in accordance with section 3161 of title 5, United States Code, a temporary organization to be known as the Climate Change Support Office (CCSO). (b) The CCSO shall be headed by a Director selected by the Secretary of State (Secretary). In addition to a Director, the CCSO may be staffed by persons in such numbers and with such skills as are necessary for the performance of CCSO functions. (c) The purpose of the CCSO shall be to perform the specific project of supporting bilateral and multilateral engagement to advance the United States initiative to address the global climate crisis, led by the Department of State and in coordination with other executive departments and agencies, consistent with Executive Order 14008 of January 27, 2021 (Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad). The CCSO shall support the Department of State, including the Special Presidential Envoy for Climate, in United States efforts to elevate and underscore the commitment my Administration will make towards addressing the global climate crisis. (d) In carrying out its purpose as set forth in subsection 1(c) of this order, the CCSO shall: (i) support the Department of State and other executive departments and agencies, as appropriate, in leading diplomatic engagement on climate change, exercising climate leadership in international fora, increasing international climate ambition, and ensuring that climate change is integrated into all elements of United States foreign policy-making decision processes; (ii) support efforts that go beyond the climate work currently carried out by the Department of State across a wide range of international fora that address clean energy, aviation, shipping, the Artic, the ocean, sustainable development, and migration; and (iii) perform such other functions related to the specific project set forth in subsection 1(c) of this order as the Secretary may assign. (e) The CCSO shall terminate at the end of the maximum period permitted by section 3161(a)(1) of title 5, United States Code, unless sooner terminated by the Secretary. Sec. 2. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect: (i) the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency or the head thereof; or (ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals. (b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations. (c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, check here or agents, or any other person. JOSEPH R. BIDEN JR.https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2021/05/07/executive-order-on-the-establishment-of-the-climate-change-support-office/